Some hemp oil does have traces of THC, and full-spectrum hemp oil will also have high amounts of CBD. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), along with cannabidiol (CBD) are two of many chemical compounds naturally present in the cannabis plant. THC triggers a psychoactive, or mind-altering effect, while CBD does not. In fact, CBD even works to block the effect of THC. In short, THC gets you high, while CBD does not.
How is Hemp Different from Marijuana?
Hemp and marijuana both come from the cannabis sativa plant, but cultivars of the plant are bred for specific purposes. Plants may be cultivated to have high levels of THC and low levels of CBD, or some other ratio of THC to CBD. Hemp plants are bred to have as little THC as possible and are used in many industrial applications. Hemp oil comes from the stalk and seeds of the plant, unlike marijuana which comes from the flowers or buds.
Hemp is cultivated for its fiber, which is used for clothing, building materials, paper, cosmetics, oils, food, and more. It is also nutritionally beneficial while offering no mind-altering effect. Hemp oil is available as hemp seed oil or CBD hemp oil.
Types of Hemp Oils
Hemp seed oil
Hemp seed oil is extracted from the seeds of the cannabis sativa plant and does not contain any THC or CBD. Touted by many as a superfood, hemp seed oil contains high levels of antioxidants, omega-3, and omega-6 fatty acids, vitamin E, calcium, magnesium, and other beneficial minerals. It may help lower blood pressure and reduce plaque build-up in arteries, so it’s considered a heart healthy oil. Hemp seed oil can also be applied topically to relieve eczema or other skin conditions.
Applications of hemp seed oil include:
- Healthy cooking oil
- Skin care products
- Eco-friendly paint production
- Eco-friendly base for plastics
- Biodiesel fuel
Hemp seed oil is often used in soaps, lotions, shampoos, and other personal care and beauty products. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) considers hemp seed oil to be safe. It is legally sold in the United States, and many retail stores stock a variety of hemp seed oil products.
CBD hemp oil
CBD hemp oil is also derived from the cannabis sativa plant, contains high levels of CBD and may contain minute traces of THC, but not enough to elicit a “high.” Full-spectrum hemp oil is extracted from the entire cannabis sativa plant so it contains the full range of beneficial compounds the plant possesses. To be classified as hemp, and legal to purchase, CBD hemp oil must contain less than 0.3% of THC.
CBD hemp oil contains many nutritional vitamins, minerals, and fats, including omega fatty acids, vitamins A, C, E, and B complex, beta-carotene and more. Because CBD hemp oil provides numerous health benefits without a psychoactive effect, it has become increasingly popular for people seeking to improve their mental or physical health. CBD hemp oil may help with conditions such as:
- Chronic pain
- Sleep disorders
- Skin conditions
- Anxiety and depression
- Increasing appetite
- Relieving vomiting and nausea
- Increasing feelings of happiness and well-being
- Strengthening and protecting the immune system
As with hemp seed oil, CBD hemp oil will not induce a “high”. Any traces of THC are too low to have a psychoactive effect. However, some people may have a concern that even small traces of THC can show up on a drug test.
Can Use of CBD Hemp Oil Cause Me to Fail a Drug Test?
While it is unlikely you would fail a drug test from the trace amounts of THC in CBD hemp oil, it is possible. Factors that may contribute to a positive drug test for THC include:
- Individual body metabolism. If you have a lower metabolism you may process and eliminate CBD oil more slowly.
- The dose you’re taking. Doses over 50 milligrams per day are more likely to cause a positive test.
- How long you’ve been using the CBD product. If you’ve used the oil regularly for a long time you are more likely to have a build up of THC in the body.
Unless you take much larger doses than recommended, there is a very small chance you would fail a drug test by using CBD hemp oil.
Is CBD Hemp Oil Legal in All States?
CBD hemp oil is legal to purchase in most states, providing it contains no more than 0.3% THC, however, there are some exceptions. In December of 2018, President Trump signed the Farm Bill, legalizing the cultivation and sale of industrial hemp. Most people interpret the bill to mean products made from hemp containing less than 0.3% THC are legal, but it’s still best to check your individual state laws for possible exceptions.